Mining Applications of Earth Moving Equipment
Earth moving equipment in any mining project are used to move earth and minerals. While, giant machines such as drills and giant draglines, some of which have buckets that are capable of moving 160 cubic yards of material in one scoop are used for surface mining, complex equipment which can move material in a very headroom and limited space are used in underground mining.
- Backhoe loaders: They are versatile, multipurpose machines that can be used as an excavator and as a loader and are seen widely at any mining site. While backhoe helps in digging the trench, loader helps in back-filling it. Given to their huge demand, backhoe loaders are available in various configurations in the market. In addition, an extensive range of attachments are also available which can be easily attached to the backhoe loaders to perform some of the most difficult tasks at the job site such as lifting, grabbing objects, dozing, drilling or levelling the ground.
- Dump trucks/haul trucks: Off-road dump trucks are used strictly off-road for mining and heavy dirt hauling jobs. The more appropriate term for this vehicle is haul truck.
- Track type bulldozer: Bulldozers are a powerful tracked piece of equipment and the tracks give them excellent ground hold and mobility through very rough terrain at the mining site.
- Wheel loaders: They are often used in mining operations to load loose materials (dirt, snow, feed, gravel, logs etc.) into or onto another type of machine such as a dump trucks, conveyor belts, feed-hoppers or railcars.
- Scrapers: They are large motorised machines used for digging, hauling and levelling out materials in a variety of mining jobs. Running on massive rubber tires, motorised scrapers quickly move large quantities of earth around a mining site.
- Shovels: These machines are used for digging and loading earth or fragmented rock or for mineral extraction at any mining site.